||Uttar Pradesh Tourism
By virtue of having ancient history and huge area, it has various ancient, medieval and modern tourists’ attractions. In addition, it is one of the largest religious centres of India; ancient places of worship, vibrant culture, various festivals, splendid monuments, viharas etc collectively fascinate millions of tourists’ every year. Uttar Pradesh holds first rank in terms of receiving domestic tourists. ‘Kumbha Mela’ that takes place once in 12 years in the state is one of the most significant Hindu festivals is. During this festival, more than 10 millions of people (which is larger than any other religious gathering) come together at one place located in the city Allahabad. Besides, Varanasi (also known as Banaras) is also one of the most important religious centres of India.
Major tourists’ attractions in Uttar Pradesh are:
Hindu religious sites
- Varanasi: One of the oldest and religious cities, Varanasi is located in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh on the Bank of River Ganga. There are various distinct and popular temples in the city, among them, Kashi Vishwanath Temple is most significant because it is place of Vishwanath Jyotirling Temple; it is considered as the most sacred Hindu Temple.
- Mathura-Vrindavan: Mathura-Vrindavan is the place of Lord Krishna. With having spectacular landscapes, these two cities always remain filled with devotees of Lord Krishna. However, during the celebration of Lord Krishna’s birthday popularly known as ‘Janmaashtami’ the place is adorned like anything. Thousands of people from different places of country gather here to worship and celebrate Lord Krishna’s birthday. Hindu festival ‘Holi’ is also very popular here.
- Ayodhya: It is the place where Lord Rama born; therefore, it is also popular as Ram Janmabhoomi. In addition, the place is also birthplace of five Tirthankars of Jainism including the first Tirthankar Shri Rishabh Dev. The city has dozens of temples, monuments, and other religious sites which were established during the period of Mauryan Empire and Gupta Dynasty. It is also popular because of having heritage of Buddhism. Many people say, Tulsidas started his writing of ‘Ramacharitamanas’ in the city of Ayodhya most probably during the period of 1574 CE. Because of all these reasons, it is one of the most significant religious places of India.
- Allahabad: It is located in the south-eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. In the past, the city was popular with the name ‘Prayaga’, which means ‘place of sacrifice’. This is the place where the three Great Rivers of India i.e. the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati forms ‘sangam.’ However, the river Saraswati is no more there, but as per the Hindu scripture, in the past Saraswati was also one of the most significant sacred rivers of India. Interestingly, Allahabad is one of the four places in India where ‘Kumbh Mela’ takes place after every 12 years. Besides, the city has also given many national leaders of India including first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, Chandra Shekhar, and Gulzarilal Nanda.
Buddhist Religious Sites in Uttar Pradesh
- Sarnath: It is the monumental historic place where Gautam Buddha had given his first sermon after attaining the enlightenment. Also popular for the Ashoka Pillar with a Lion Capital.
- Sravasti: As per mythology, it was the favourite monsoon resort of Buddha.
- Kushinagar: It is the place where Buddha had attained Mahaparinirvana (Demise).
- Kaushambi: This is the place popular for many Buddhist devotees because it is the place that evidenced series of Buddha sermons.
Other Tourists’ Cities in Uttar Pradesh
- Lucknow: Capital of Uttar Pradesh is popular as ‘city of Nawabs’, Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh. Major tourists’ attractions are various historical places and also Mughal and British architect.
- Agra: It is popular for Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
- Kanpur: It is historical place but also popular for the biggest Industrial. Leather industry is pretty popular throughout the country.
- Meerut: This is important historic place because the First War of Indian Independence took place in 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny of 1857).
- Fatehpur Sikri: This Historical place founded by Mughal Empire.
- Jhansi: It is the place known for Rani Lakshmibai who fought against British force. Jhansi Fort is also popular here.
- Mirzapur: This popular is worldwide popular for its finest carpet Industries.
- Gorakhpur: This historic city is home of Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jain, and Sikh saints.
- Jaunpur: This historic city is founded by the Sultan of Delhi, Feroz Shah Tughlaq. Interestingly, it is named as Jaunpur Sultanate, in the memory of his father Muhammad Bin Tughluq.
- Ghaziabad: This historical place is located near the national capital New Delhi popular as one of the fastest growing cities and industrial hubs of Uttar Pradesh.
National Park & Wildlife Sanctuaries in Uttar Pradesh
- Dudhwa National Park: It is located in the Terai region of Uttar Pradesh along the international border of Nepal. It is popular for the tiger reserve of India.
- Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary: It is located near the India-Nepal border, in the Terai region of Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh. It established for the protection to the local flora and fauna.
- Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary: It is located nearby Dudhwa National Park in Nepalese Terai District of Lakhimpur Kheri. Significant animals of this sanctuary are Tiger, Leopard, Swamp Deer, Barking Deer, Bengal Florican, and Hog Deer.