During the medieval times it came under the Muslim rulers and finally the state was under the rule of the Britishers. Great religions flourished here and the most gentle and progressive religious teachers like the Buddha, Mahavira and Guru Gobind Singh are associated with this sacred land. It was also an important centre of learning, where students from all over the world came to study.
Bihar is bounded on the north by Nepal, on the east by West Bengal, on west by Uttar Pradesh and on the south by Jharkhand. The state is watered by number of rivers, the most important of which is the Ganga, cuts across Bihar from west to east. Ganga had made the region so fertile and plentiful that is natural propensity nurtured a veritable fountainhead of political and cultural civilisations down the millennia. And, the unbelievable range and quantity of mineral Wealth buried under the region certainly helped. Bihar today is a quaint interface of the old and new.